In ancient Israel, Mosaic Law, in addition to the division of the land among the tribes and families, delineated several ingenious provisions to assure the welfare of all. Recognizing the tendency in organized societies for inequities to develop over time, it prescribed such measures as the sabbatical year, the jubilee year, gleaning and the prohibition of usury. Some of these, in some form, were carried over into the Christian era, but over time mercantile and industrial demands overshadowed social concerns. The mid-twentieth century saw tremendous gains in productivity along with renewed demands by the laboring class and racial minorities for a more just distribution of the collective wealth, but over the past 35 years many of the social programs that were instituted by governments have been under systematic attack by powerful reactionary forces resulting in massive increases in the disparities of income and wealth. These disparities bring with them increased violence, crime, addiction, and deteriorating quality of life for all.
Now, with automation rapidly reducing the need for human labor, the separation of livelihood from jobs is becoming an obvious necessity.
Here below are two pertinent videos, and this article mentions a few places where basic income allowances are being tried.
Basic and Emergency Support are essential to free persons from the fear of loss. Basic Income is one model for transforming our existing societal systems with discrete governance and economic subsystems.
We have the technology to make the amount variable as to need and relative costs. We also need “investment” support for ventures.
We are unaware of all the alternatives, when we begin to design a society based on “the facts” (at hand). I would prefer a system where most is free, with records being kept and with limits.
I expect other things will be changing before Basic Income become common, and it will be very imperfect.